Site Map


Explore Cornwall's Past



>Ceremony and Ritual

>A Sense of Place

>Tor Enclosures

>How Were Tor Enclosures Used?

>Later Hilltop Enclosures

>Passing Places

>Megalithic Chambered Tombs

>Long Barrows and Long Cairns

>How Were Quoits and Long Barrows Used?

>The Living and the Dead

>Round Barrows and Cairns

>Aerial Photography and Barrows

>How Were Bronze Age Barrows Used?

>Entrance Graves

>Heaven and Earth

>Cursus Monuments


>Set in Stone

>Stone Circles

>How Were Stone Circles Used?

>Stone Rows

>Standing Stones

>Sacred Landscapes

>West Penwith

>Bodmin Moor

>Farms, Villages and Towns

>The First Farms

>Round Houses

>Bronze Age Settlement on Bodmin Moor

>Reorganising the Landscape

>Herds and Flocks

>Other Upland Areas

>Lowland Cornwall

>Aerial Photos and Round House Settlements

>Power and Authority

>Development of Hillforts

>How Were Hillforts Used?

>Cliff Castles

>What Were Cliff Castles For?

>Enclosed Settlements

>Cornish Rounds

>How Did Rounds Work?

>Cropmark Rounds

>Other Enclosures


>The Meaning of Enclosures

>Aerial Photos and Enclosed Settlements

>Continuity and Change

>Roman Cornwall

>Courtyard Houses

>From Romans to Normans

>The Pre-Norman Landscape

>The Medieval Countryside

>Medieval Longhouses

>Medieval Fields

>Upland Fields

>Lowland Fields

>Medieval Towns

>The Origin of Towns

>The Development of Towns

>The Industrial Landscape

>Buried Wealth

>Metal and Stone

>Early Exploitation

>Streams of Tin

>How Tin Streaming Worked

>Ramped Workings

>Parallel Workings

>Eluvial Workings

>Lode and Shode

>Shode Workings


>Lode-Back Workings

>Removing and Processing the Ore

>Age of Invention

>Water Power

>Steam Power

>Deep Mining

>Processing the Ore


>The Minerals

>White Gold

>Stream and Strake

>Pan Kilns

>Sky Tips and Mica Drags


>Dark Satanic Hills

>Slate Quarries

>Granite Quarries

>Kit Hill

>Aggregate Quarries

>A Land Transformed


>Ancillary Industries

>Industrial Settlements


>Grand Houses, Parks and Estates

>Defended Cornwall

>Medieval Castles

>Castles in Cornwall

>Motte and Bailey Castles


>Adulterine Castles

>Other Castles

>Threat from the Sea

>The Tudors: Henry VIII

>The Tudors: Elizabeth I

>The Eighteenth Century

>Revolution and War

>Civil War >The Civil Wars
>Into the Modern Era >Palmerston's Forts
>1890 - 1914
>The Great War
>Threat from the Air >The German Bombing Offensive
>The Front Line
>Ground Defence >Radar
>Anti-Aircraft Guns
>Barrage balloons
>Fear of Invasion >Airfield Defences
>Beach Defences
>Harbour Defences
>On the Offensive >War in the Air
>War in Europe
>War in the Pacific
>Decoding The Landscape >Characterisation >Historic Landscape Character Zones
>Archaeology in the Landscape Character Zones
>The Prehistoric Landscape >Coaxial Fields
>Brick-shaped Fields
>Rough Ground in Prehistory
>Lowland Cornwall
>The Medieval Landscape >Medieval Farmland
>Rough Ground in Medieval Cornwall
>The Ornamental Landscape
>The Post Medieval Landscape >The Expansion of Agriculture
>Industrial Smallholdings
>The Ornamental Landscape


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