Situated on the south coast of Cornwall, Newlyn is one
of the UK’s premier fishing harbours, landing approximately
£18.1 million worth of fish in 2000. Regeneration proposals
target the historic harbour and surrounding area, including
upgrading existing harbour facilities, creation of a marina,
development of substantial car park areas and the
introduction of new tourism and leisure facilities.
The origins of Newlyn lie in what was, by at least the 13th
century, a collection of three small settlements, Newlyn
Town, Street an Nowan and Tolcarne. The first documentary
reference to a quay dates from 1437 when Mount’s Bay had an
established importance for fishing and trading.
The original harbour was small, and its enlargement and success during
the 19th century acted as a catalyst for the growth of the town. The
spectacular natural setting and picturesque quality of people and streetscapes
made it popular with artists in the late 19th century, although
‘slum’ clearance in the 1930s removed some historic fabric and topography.
The downloads offered below represent the different
elements of the CSUS Newlyn Report including the core text,
seven illustrative figures and eight character area summaries.
CSUS Newlyn Report
REPORT text detailing the results of the
historic character study for the town of Newlyn. Stef Russell, Historic
Figure 1 - Location & Topography Map
Map showing the location of Newlyn and its immediate
Figure 2 - OS 2nd Edition 1:2500 Map
Map showing the town of Newlyn in c.1907.
Figure 3 - Historic Development Map
Map showing the historic development and expansion of
Figure 4 - Historic Settlement Topography
Map showing the historic topography of Newlyn with key
areas of historic activity.
Figure 5a and 5b - Surviving Historic Components
Maps showing the surviving historic
buildings of Newlyn.
Figure 6 - Urban Archaeological Potential
Map showing the areas and sites of
archaeological potential in Newlyn.
Figure 7 - Character Areas Map
Map showing the nine character areas identified by the
survey of Newlyn.
Character Area 1
This area forms a gateway to Newlyn. It
provides an important link between Newlyn and Penzance and houses the
Newlyn Art Gallery, an important visitor attraction. The grid of terraces
is an impressive townscape element.
Character Area 2
This is the most urban part of the
settlement and follows the river along Newlyn Coombe towards the harbour.
The buildings are largely high status and there is a high level of activity
Character Area 3
A picturesque and highly distinctive area
around an early focus of settlement along the shore and a main route from
the south. There is good survival of historic buildings around a network of
highly enclosed lanes and alleys. The area is also the focus for several
large institutional and industrial buildings.
Character Area 4
The economic and visual focus of Newlyn.
Buildings on the quaysides are functional with few aesthetic qualities
whilst activity in and around the harbour provides movement and interest.
Vehicle access is limited and causes problems in adjacent character areas.
Character Area 5
Ranks of raised late 19th century
terraces are predominant in the area. Built to see and be seen, these
structures dominate views into the settlement and provide equally
spectacular views out over the harbour and Mount’s Bay. The long steep
slope of Chywoone Hill provides access to outlying areas and links into
other character areas.
Character Area 6
An exceptional area of townscape comprising
narrow, sinuous and steeply sloping streets, linked across the slope by
pedestrian ways known as ‘gearns’. There is good survival of historic
fabric providing a flavour of the Newlyn painted by the late 19th
and early 20th century artists.
Character Area 7
The site of the earliest phase of settlement
in Newlyn, around an early landing place and the medieval quay. The
buildings along Fore Street probably follow the plan form of the medieval
development. Many have been adapted to incorporate oriel or dormer windows
in order to maximise the spectacular views over the harbour and Mount’s
Character Area 8
Formerly a tight grid of housing similar to
that in the Orchard area, 20th century ‘slum clearance’ has left
gap sites and made major alterations to plan form. The settlement has
spread south towards Penlee quarry and incorporates some historic buildings
of a more rural style and some late 19th and 20th
century detached residences.
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