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Helston

Helston is a medium-sized market town in southwest Cornwall with a current population of between 8,000 and 9,000. It originated as a medieval market town, developing around its castle and church. It was granted a charter and became a borough in 1201 and was a ‘coinage town’ (for the taxation of tin produced in the region) by 1305. The town had jurisdiction over the port of Gweek on the Helford River. In the later historic period Helston became important as a commercial and market centre for nearby mining areas and the agricultural communities of the Lizard.

The town is particularly noted for its fine 18th and 19th century buildings and high quality streetscapes, and for the Flora Day celebrations held in May each year.  It lies within the bounds of Kerrier District Council and is situated approximately 3 km inland from the east side of Mount’s Bay.

Downloads:
The downloads offered below represent the different elements of the CSUS Helston Report including the core text, seven illustrative figures and eight character area summaries.

 Title Description

Format

Size

CSUS Helston Report

REPORT text detailing the results of the historic character study for the town of Helston. Stef Russell, Historic Environment Service.

Format type: PDF 2277kb
Figure 1 - Location & Topography Map Map showing the location of Helston and its immediate topography.

Format type: PDF

1.8mb

Figure 2 - Ordnance Survey 2nd Edition 1:2500 Map (c.1907) Map showing the town of Helston in c.1907.

Format type: PDF

1.2mb
Figure 3 - Historic Development Map Map showing the historic development and expansion of Helston.

Format type: PDF

2.8mb

Figure 4 - Historic Settlement Topography Map Map showing the historic topography of Helston with key areas of historic activity.

Format type: PDF

2.6mb

Figure 5 - Surviving Historic Components Map Map showing the surviving historic buildings of Helston.

Format type: PDF

2.6mb

Figure 6 - Urban Archaeological Potential Map Map showing the areas and sites of archaeological potential in Helston.

Format type: PDF

2.4mb
Figure 7 - Character Areas Map Map showing the seven character areas identified by the survey of Helston.

Format type: PDF

1.7mb
Character Area 1- Church Street & Cross Street Fine residential area of Helston in terms of status and quality of buildings and 'greenery'.

Format type: PDF

329kb
Character Area 2 - Coinagehall Street Historic east-west axis of planned medieval town and the 'heart' of Helston. Open with memorable views along the street and out to open countryside.

Format type: PDF

324kb
Character Area 3 - Central market area Physical heart of Helston based on staggered cross-roads. Strong sense of enclosure.

Format type: PDF

325kb
Character Area 4 - Five wells area Historic focus for industry, an area of narrow streets and lanes.

Format type: PDF

363kb
Character Area 5 : Post-Medieval expansion - Wendron Street Part of medieval east-west axis, now predominantly post-medieval residential expansion.

Format type: PDF

324kb
Character Areas 6 & 7 : PM expansion - Meneage Street/Meneage Road Historic route south to The Lizard peninsula, now busy commercial area.

Format type: PDF

389kb
Character Area 8 : River valley & St John's Area of medieval settlement around the crossing-point on the Cober river. Low-lying area that has often been used for fairs, cattle markets and industrial activities.

Format type: PDF

220kb

   

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