Cornwall Industrial Settlements Initiative
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Caradon District Council
Main period of  industrial  settlement growth: 1845-1880
Study Area: Caradon/Liskeard
NGR: SX 24876 68189 (centre)
Main industry: Tin and copper mining. Granite quarrying.

Industrial history and significance

St Cleer developed from a simple churchtown into a sizeable settlement in direct response to the growth in industry on Bodmin Moor. In the 1850s there were some 4,000 miners working the South Caradon lodes. Rather than setting up home on the inhospitable high land and slopes the miners took lodgings in the more sheltered villages fringing the moorland. St Cleer would initially have been chosen due to the availability of lodgings in the existing houses, then as the fortunes of the mines and quarries became more certain, speculative and piecemeal housing developed, while St Cleer (unlike the adjoining industrial villages) alone developed as a proto-market centre, with a commensurate range of buildings and functions (market house, pubs, chapels, the working menís club, police station).


The downloads offered below represent the different elements of the CISI St Cleer Report including the core text and the four illustrative map figures.
 Title Description Format Size
CISI St Cleer report Report text. Format type: PDF


Figure 1 Location map Format type: PDF 508kb
Figure 2 Historical development map Format type: PDF 450kb
Figure 3 Surviving historical components map Format type: PDF 436kb
Figure 4 Gazetteer sites, existing designations and recommendations map Format type: PDF 518kb

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Last Updated: 16/12/2004. © Cornwall County Council, Historic Environment Service.