Cornwall Industrial Settlements Initiative
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Council: Penwith District Council
North-west coast of West Penwith, north of St Just
Main period of industrial settlement growth: 1830-1880
Study Area: St Just Mining Area
NGR: SW 3731

Main industry: Iron Foundry, with milling and mining

Industrial history and significance

Nancherrow/Tregeseal is unlike any other of the settlements in the study area because of its valley location and association with service industry (Holmans). There was early tin-streaming at the lower (western) and upper ends of the valley, which continued in the later case well into the 19th century. The stream running through the valley was most important for milling, however, both corn milling and tin stamping. By the early 19th century, the whole length of the valley in the settlement area, and below it to the sea, was a complex of leats, ponds and mills. Waterpower also led to Holman’s Foundry being  built here in 1834. Holman’s became the dominant industrial site and the main generator of workers’ housing in the valley. Although the Foundry buildings have now been nearly all demolished, there is a wealth of the visible remains of the mills and leat systems intermixed with both workers’ and proprietors’  houses giving the valley a unique character.

This settlement forms part of the proposed Cornwall & west Devon Mining Landscape World Heritage Site Bid, and is considered an important part of the context for the Bid.


The downloads offered below represent the different elements of the CISI Beacon Report including the core text and the four illustrative map figures.
 Title Description Format Size
CISI Nancherrow and Tregeseal report Report text. Format type: PDF


Figure 1 Location map Format type: PDF 2655kb
Figure 2 Historical development map Format type: PDF 762kb
Figure 3 Surviving historical components map Format type: PDF 764kb
Figure 4 Gazetteer sites, existing designations and recommendations map Format type: PDF 641kb

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Last Updated: 08/01/2004. © Cornwall County Council, Historic Environment Service.