Cornwall Industrial Settlements Initiative
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Caradon District Council
Main period of  industrial  settlement growth: 1841-1882
Study Area: Caradon/Liskeard
NGR: SX 26609 73404 (centre)
Main industry: Accommodation for mine and quarry workers

Industrial history and significance

Although there were already a number of farms at Henwood it was not until the expansion of the Phoenix Mines and Cheesewring Quarries that the village became a significant settlement. With over 600 employed at Wheal Phoenix and 240 at Cheesewring quarry the need for accommodation and services became increasingly acute. Rows of workers cottages were developed and farm outbuildings altered to provide additional accommodation. The presence of a chapel and Sunday School would have been as a direct result of the requirements of the Nonconformist workers as would the public house, shop and letter box. Industry not only impacted on the size of the settlement, but also on the nature of its materials. The proximity of the quarry provided an abundant source of granite, which is such a feature of the buildings and streetscape in Henwood.

This settlement forms part of the proposed Cornwall & west Devon Mining Landscape World Heritage Site Bid, and is considered an important part of the context for the Bid.


The downloads offered below represent the different elements of the CISI Henwood Report including the core text and the four illustrative map figures.
 Title Description Format Size
CISI Henwood report Report text. Format type: PDF


Figure 1 Location map Format type: PDF 483kb
Figure 2 Historical development map Format type: PDF 196kb
Figure 3 Surviving historical components map Format type: PDF 183kb
Figure 4 Gazetteer sites, existing designations and recommendations map Format type: PDF 220kb

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Last Updated: 16/12/2004. © Cornwall County Council, Historic Environment Service.