|Cornwall Industrial Settlements Initiative|
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Council: Caradon District Council
Main period of industrial settlement growth: 1841-1882
Study Area: Tamar Valley
NGR: SX 43504 68643 (centre)
Main industry: Port for the distribution of tin, copper, wolfram, arsenic, bricks, granite, and centre for market gardening
Industrial history and
Calstock had already developed as a significant settlement before industrial expansion during the early 19th century. The convenience of the river for importing lime and other agricultural requirements as well as exporting produce would have ensured that the community continued to flourish. However, the scale of development of the quays, the availability of brick, granite and terracotta as building materials, the viaduct linking two rail systems, the sheer number of shops, cottages, inns and chapels, and the town’s modest wealth were all a direct result of the local industries – fuelled mainly by the need to export the produce of local mines and import their supplies.
Its significance lies in thus being part of the network of small, but busy, industrial ports that ringed Cornwall; like many other Cornish ports, it was never simply a mineral port. It has extra significance because of it location – an inland river port, developed at a time when most ports were moving away from rivers (their traditional medieval sites) to the coasts.
This settlement forms part of the proposed Cornwall & west Devon Mining Landscape World Heritage Site Bid, and is considered an important part of the context for the Bid.
The downloads offered below represent the different
elements of the CISI Calstock Report including the core text and the
four illustrative map figures.
|CISI Calstock report||Report text.||
|Figure 1||Location map||536kb|
|Figure 2||Historical development map||483kb|
|Figure 3||Surviving historical components map||306kb|
|Figure 4||Gazetteer sites, existing designations and recommendations map||376kb|