Cornwall Industrial Settlements Initiative
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Restormel Borough Council
Main period of  industrial  settlement growth: c1840-82; 1900-1920s
Study Area: Hensbarrow
Main industry: China Clay (earlier Tin)

Industrial history and significance

Bugle is entirely a creation of the 19th century. At first largely an incidental product of industrialisation, it was surrounded by ancient and well-established tin mines and streaming works, sp that it is impossible to talk of a truly pre-industrial period in the history of the area.

The growth of the china-clay industry, stimulated above all by the creation of the Treffry tramway in the 1849s, set the pace of development in Bugle. The village took on all the typical features of a china-clay industrial village, with chapel, institutes, schools, cottage rows and terraces, but did not develop the full range or scale of such facilities due to the proximity of very similar villages in the surrounding area, including the parochial churchtown at Stenalees/Treverbyn.

Bugle developed in a disjointed, piecemeal way, stretched over a long period in the mid 19th to mid 20th centuries absorbing the older settlement patterns rather than sweeping them aside, and the townscape and morphology of the village is complex as a result no simple lines of workers terraces dominated by the chapel here; large, generously built early 20th century houses face small, traditionally-detailed farm cottages in old hedged yards right in the very heart of the village. There was much about Bugle that set it apart from the surrounding, more simply residential or industrial villages (the shops, the pub, the ornamented display of its housing, for instance), giving it, albeit in a small way, an urbane if not urban quality.

Bugle is surrounded by some of the most interesting surviving remains associated with the china-clay industry (for instance at Carbis), and occupies a unique place in relation to the history of that industry, but there is so much more within and about the village and its environs which could be revealed and celebrated.


The downloads offered below represent the different elements of the CISI Bugle Report including the core text and the four illustrative map figures.
 Title Description Format Size
CISI Bugle report Report text. Format type: PDF


Figure 1 Location map Format type: PDF 616kb
Figure 2a Historical development map Format type: PDF 775kb
Figure 2b   Format type: PDF 661kb
Figure 3a Surviving historical components map Format type: PDF 736kb
Figure 3b   Format type: PDF 668kb
Figure 4a Gazetteer sites, existing designations and recommendations map Format type: PDF 848kb
Figure 4b   Format type: PDF 752kb

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Last Updated: 16/12/2004. © Cornwall County Council, Historic Environment Service.