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Neolithic
Tor Enclosure
   
Carn Brea
Helman Tor
Rough Tor
Stowe's Pound
 
 
  Stowes Pound
Linkinhorne

Caradon
NGR: SX 25780 72470
 
 
Stowe’s Pound is sited atop a prominent granite ridge to the north of Minions village in the south-eastern sector of Bodmin Moor. The hill itself is perhaps best known as the site of the Cheesewring, famous in folklore, and of Cheesewring Quarry, which has taken a massive bite out of the hill’s southern tip. The hill is sited at the edge of the moorland, overlooking Rillaton Moor and Witheybrook Marsh, to the south and west, and the upper reaches of the River Lynher to the east; the tors of Dartmoor can be seen on the distant skyline.

Two massive stone-walled enclosures encircle the summit of the ridge, a small tear-drop shaped primary enclosure, encircling the tors at the southern end of the hill, and a larger subsidiary enclosure which encloses the large whale-backed summit ridge of the hill. These enclosures are similar in many ways to the excavated tor enclosures at Carn Brea and Helman Tor, which are dated to the early Neolithic period (4000 – 3500 BC).

Though very ruinous, the ramparts of the smaller enclosure still stand in places up to 5 metres in height and are between 5 and 15 metres wide. It must once have been a very imposing structure. The larger enclosure, though clearly secondary, might still be contemporary with the other. Its ramparts are noticeably slighter and vary between 5 and 10 metres in width. It has two clearly identifiable entrances on the west and east sides and several other smaller gaps and later stone quarries along the walling in between. There are traces of at least two roughly concentric outer ramparts, best seen on the north-eastern side, and other outworks flank the hill slopes. Curiously, there are no identifiable entrances through the walls of the small enclosure, and no gate or passage providing a link between the interiors of the two enclosures.

Within the large enclosure are over 100 small stone-free platforms levelled into the slopes of the summit and interpreted as the stances for wooden round houses. They cluster around the two entranceways and the southern parts of the enclosure, and are thought to be contemporary with the initial construction and occupation of the site. There are also two flat topped cairns with stone kerbs, one of which, it is said, incorporated a cist which contained a Trevisker pottery urn with 100 flint spearheads, arrowheads and a dagger. This story cannot now be confirmed, but it would make a very unusual find in Cornwall.

Whilst there has been no recent detailed excavation of the site it seems reasonable to place it in the same category as the other tor enclosures on the basis of its topographical situation, details of the construction of the walling, the several narrow entranceways, the ‘house platforms’ and the association with cairns. These Neolithic hilltop enclosures are thought to have represented local tribal centres or meeting places that would have been used for ceremonial, social and commercial purposes. The cairns would normally be assigned to the Early Bronze Age, illustrating how monuments of this type retained a special significance over several millennia, providing a focus for later people occupying the area. An extensive ritual landscape extends from Stowes Hill to Craddock Moor, encompassing stone circles, stone rows, standing stones, barrows and cairns; this is one of the richest and best preserved prehistoric landscapes in the country. The ridge is a prominent skyline feature from the Hurlers, three stone circles lying 1km to the south, and Rillaton Barrow, source of the famous ‘gold cup’ is sited 600m further along the ridge towards Minions.

Sources
Barnatt, J, 1982. Prehistoric Cornwall: The Ceremonial Monuments. Turnstone Press Limited. ISBN 0 85500 129 1
 
Johnson, R. and Rose, P, 1994. Bodmin Moor: An Archaeological Survey. Vol.1: The human landscape to c1800. English Heritage. ISBN 0953 3796.
 
 
 
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Stowe’s Pound is sited atop a prominent granite ridge to the north of Minions village in the south-eastern sector of Bodmin Moor. It lies in open access moorland not far from The Hurlers stones circles.

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Nearby sites

Craddock Moor Stone Circle
Doniert Stone
The Hurlers Stone Circles
Trethevy Quoit
 
supported by HLF and compiled by the Historic Environment Service of Cornwall County Council  
last updated: 14/09/2007